Bulgaria

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Living History

Bulgaria, officially Republic of Bulgaria, Bulgarian Republika Bŭlgariya, country occupying the eastern portion of the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. Founded in the 7th century, Bulgaria is one of the oldest states on the European continent. It is intersected by historically important routes from northern and eastern Europe to the Mediterranean basin and from western and central Europe to the Middle East. Before the creation of the Bulgarian state, the empires of ancient Rome, Greece, and Byzantium were strong presences, and people and goods traveled the land with frequency.

 

Emerging from centuries of Ottoman rule, Bulgaria gained its independence in the late 19th century, joined the losing side of several conflagrations in the first half of the 20th century, and, despite gravitating toward the Axis powers in World War II, found itself within close orbit of the Soviet Union by mid-century. This alliance had profound effects on the Bulgarian state and psyche, altering everything from land use and labour practices to religion and the arts. As communist governments fell in eastern Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s, Bulgaria was suddenly released from the magnetic field of the Soviet giant and drifted into the uneasy terrain of postcommunism. Today its gaze is firmly fixed on the West; Bulgaria became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 2004 and of the European Union (EU) in 2007. The members of the EU engage in the bulk of Bulgarian trade.

 

The country is remarkable for its variety of scenery; its rugged mountains and relaxing Black Sea resorts attract many visitors. Like other nations of the Balkan Peninsula, Bulgaria claims a mix of Eastern and Western cultures, and the mingling is evident in its cuisine, its architecture, and its religious heritage. Though located in western Bulgaria, the capital, Sofia, is neatly positioned near the geographic centre of the Balkan region, and in nearly every other respect it occupies the central position within Bulgaria. With more than one million inhabitants, Sofia has three times as many people as the next largest cities, Plovdiv and Varna. The Bulgarian writer Yordan Radichkov has placed the capital along the axis of two major transnational routes: (1) the historic Silk Road that connects China and the West and (2) a major natural path of migrating birds known as the “grand route of Aristotle.” According to Radichkov, “The universal core of Bulgaria is to be found at the crossroads of these two routes.”

 

SUMMER HOLIDAYS 

We offer you the unique opportunity to extend your holiday by one or two weeks after you complete one of our tours. You also have the option of staying in a variety of accommodation: from home stays (no meals) to 2, 3, 4 and 5 star hotels on the Black Sea coast:

 

 

BLACK SEA COAST

 

The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast covers the entire eastern bound of Bulgaria stretching from the Romanian Black Sea resorts in the north to European Turkey in the south, along 378 km of coastline.

White and golden sandy beaches occupy approximately 130 km of the 378 km long coast.

The region is an important center of tourism during the summer season (May–October), drawing millions of foreign and local tourists alike and constituting one of the country’s most popular tourist destinations.

Prior to 1989 the Bulgarian Black Sea coast was internationally known as the Red Riviera.

Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, however, its nickname has been changed to the Bulgarian Riviera.

Bulgaria has a coast you will find a variety of places to spend your holiday or weekend and enjoy an exiting summer vacation with friends and family.

 

BALCHIK

 

Set up on white limestone rocks, Balchik is called also the White city, The first thing that comes to the visitor’s mind when mentioned Balchik, is the Palace, with its Botanic Garden with its collection of 250 big cactus species, which is the second of its kind after the one in Monaco belonging, in earlier times, to Rumanian Queen Maria Alexandrina Victoria of Edinburgh. Typical Mediterranean plants, rare and exotic species and a whole army of cacti are sheltered in the garden. The forms and silhouettes of the buildings, the diversity and medley of their gardens- all this melts in one unique Balkan romantic symphony, so attractive for guests from all over the world.

 

KAVARNA

Is a modern town with good infrastructure and its develop rapidly. In the last few years Kavarna became the uncontested rock-music capital of Bulgaria after successfully organizing a rock festival, which very quickly turned into tradition. There was a settlement dating back to the times BC- excavation works reveala lost Byzantine city and a total of 147 Thracian tombs are scattered around the vicinities of Kavarna. On the beach there is a cave with well-preserved frescoes from the Stone Age.

 

KALIAKRA CAPE

The cape stretches 2km out of sea, looking very much like an isthmus, surrounded by crimson cliffs with height of up to 70m. The Kaliakra Cape was declared a protected area in 1941 so that to protect the unique nature of this place. There are steppe here and it is a habitat of monk seals.

 

SUNNY BEACH

The biggest Black Sea resort of an international popularity has a 6-km-long, at times 150-m wide sand strip, lined with fine sand and natural dunes. Sunny Beach is never asleep – it is the place most favoured by young people for offering them enormous attractions – restaurants, bars, discos, night-clubs round the clock.

 

NESSEBUR

Situated on a small peninsula, one of the oldest towns in Europe still keeps the spirit of different ages and peoples – Thracians, Hellenes, Romans, Slavs, Byzantines and Bulgarians. Nesebar is sometimes said to be the town with the highest number of churches per capita. Although this might not be true, their number and variety is impressive: the Old Bishopric or the Church of St. Sophia is in an early Byzantine style (4th-5th c.); the New Bishopric (St. Stefan), contains valuable 12th century murals; and the Christ Pantocrator and Aliturgetos churches (13th-14th c.) are among the best preserved until today. Nesebar’s National Revival houses with stone foundations and broad wooden eaves, overhanging narrow cobbled lanes leading right into the sea, are also remarkably beautiful.

 

POMORIE

Pomorie Is located on Rocky peninsula, extending some 5 km into the sea.In its region is the Pomorie lake, an ultrasaline natural lagoon, which yelds 30,000 tons of sea salt per year. The healing properties of the Pomorie mud are world-famous and the resort has grown into a major mud-treatment centre.

 

SOZOPOL

The old town lies on a small rocky peninsula in the southernmost part of Bourgas bay.The quaint houses, the cobblestone streets and the sea add to the unique atmosphere of the town.There is a number of hotels, private rooms for rent and camping sites: Zlatnata Ribka, Smokinia, Veselie.

 

SINEMORETS

Is located on a peninsula near the mouth of the Veleka river. Ruins of a fortress and Thracian burial mounds can be seen in this area. Over the recent years the resort has established itself as a popular tourist destination. The church of St.George with an original icon of St.Modest is located in the village.

 

 

Area:
110,994 km²
Population:
7 000 000 (2020)
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